Linux mainlining effort

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The purpose of this page is to try and define sub-goals and milestones for the mainlining effort, containing goals and sub-goals with milestones for adding Allwinner support in the upstream mainline Linux Kernel.

It is very important to note that this is intended as a rough set of minimal goals - it is not meant to collide with the huge effort of rewriting major drivers!



The idea is to submit the code needed to run the Linux kernel on Allwinner SoCs upstream, ie. to the official Linux kernel.

This can be achieved by following the concept outlined in the Your new ARM SoC Linux support check-list! article published by Thomas Petazzoni from Free Electrons.[1][2]

Where relevant, I have attempted to include who is currently working on an item, mostly separate from any particular mainlining goal.


The Mainline Kernel howto contains the currently used repositories for the mainlining process. The U-Boot repository and toolchain is described in the Mainline U-Boot howto.

The Mainline Kernel category gives an overview of currently supported devices.

Work In Progress

Core Stuff

  • Modern Clock (clock-ng) support for sunxi (H3) (WiP: Maxime Ripard (mripard)) patch-v2
  • Allwinner A64 support
    • basic support (WiP: Andre Przywara) patch-v3
  • Allwinner A80 support
    • SMP support (WiP: Chen-Yu Tsai (wens)) patch-rfc
  • Allwinner A83T support
    • Modern Clock (clock-ng) support (WiP: Jean-Francois Moine) patch-v2
    • Clocks, r_pio, MMC and RSB support (WiP: Vishnu Patekar) patch-v4
    • USB support (WiP: Chen-Yu Tsai (wens))
  • Suspend / Resume / CPUIdle (WiP: Antoine Tenart)

Major drivers

  • Display Engine driver
    • sun8i (H3) (WiP: Jean-Francois Moine) patch-v4
  • sun6i/sun8i DMAengine improvements for H3 audio support (WiP: Jean-Francois Moine) patch-v6
  • NAND support
    • NAND improvements/fixes (WiP: Boris Brezillon (bbrezillon)) patch-v1
    • NAND DMA support (WiP: Boris Brezillon (bbrezillon)) patch-v3
  • Audio support
    • I2S driver (Maxime Ripard (mripard)) patch-v2
  • CSI (camera sensor interface) (WiP: Yassin Jaffer (ddc))
    • CSI clock driver (WiP: Yassin Jaffer (ddc)) patch-RFC
  • A80 related (WiP: Chen-Yu Tsai (wens))
    • AXP806 PMIC
    • AC100 Codec mfd/rtc driver patch-v3
    • GMAC
    • External SDIO WiFi

Minor drivers

  • SY8106A regulator support for Orange Pi PC (and DVFS) (wip: Ondřej Jirman - megi) [1] patch-v1
  • Sunxi THS (H3) (Josef Gajdusek) patch-v2
  • Keypad (WiP: Yassin Jaffer (ddc)) patch
  • AXP152/AXP202/AXP209/AXP223
    • AXP209 GPIO support (Wip: Maxime Ripard (mripard)) patch
    • AC driver: (WiP: Michael Haas (laga)) patch patch V2
    • Battery driver (WiP: Bruno Prémont (bonbons)) RFC-patch
      • Michael Haas will be re-submitting Brunos battery driver
  • hardware spinlock (H3/A83) (WIP: LABBE Corentin)
  • Activate pwm on A83T (necessary for PHY)

Left to be done

Easy Tasks

Following drivers should be doable by someone with no or a small kernel development experience:

  • One Wire / 1-Wire (dedicated HW only present on A31/A80)
  • Smart Card Reader
  • A23/A33 Thermal Sensor Controller

Medium Tasks

Following drivers require some good knowledge of the kernel internals.

  • A31 GPADC
  • Audio Related drivers
    • A23 Audio codec and AC97 audio interface support (A23 SDK contains drivers for both)
    • A31 Audio Codec driver (WiP: Maxime Ripard (mripard)
      • A31 PLL2 and module 1 clocks
      • ASoC driver
      • Much more complex and signficantly different from the other audio codecs IPs found in the other Allwinner SoCs (A23 included)
    • A33/A64 Audio codec driver (A33 SDK contains driver)
      • According to the register map and the A33 SDK driver, there seems to be a internal I2S bus between the codec and the processor

Difficult Tasks

These drivers require some good knowledge of the kernel internals, plus a good experience with such piece of hardware.

  • Video Engine (See VE_Planning)
  • Audio Engine (Only exists in A10)
  • V4L driver for G2D/Mixer is based on samsung g2d and fimc driver. Only initial work started. [2]


  • Memory Stick (missing hardware?)
  • TV Decoder (Analog in, no existing driver, no datasheet)
  • Transport Stream(DVB) in
    • IRC user woprr has started to work on this
  • PATA (old tech, while still interesting for Compact Flash, possibly removed from A20, though A20 memory map still mentions it)
  • GPS backend IP (only present on A10, not much interesting, as all modern GPS receivers have MCU with UART output, no documentation)


These are too far off the track third party drivers making it unlikely they will ever get accepted mainline.

  • Mali driver (will not happen unless libv gets a proper lima driver out)

Related but separate

  • Device-specific drivers

Planned for 4.8

  • A10/A20
    • Display engine clocks (TCON, FE, DE)
  • H3
    • USB multi-reset lines support
  • AXP2xx driver:
    • External drivebus support
    • AXP223 USB power supply support
    • AXP809 PMIC support

Planned for 4.7

  • A13/R8
    • Display Engine support
  • H3
    • USB support (multi-reset line support delayed til 4.8)

Added board support: Dserve DSRV9703C, Polaroid MID2809PXE4, colorfly e708 q1, Difrence DIT4350

Merged into 4.6

  • Sticky-note-pin.png Note: For devices that use eMMC, old device trees may no longer work with this version (i.e. you have to rebuild your .dtb files). Expect eMMC I/O errors otherwise.
  • Allwinner A83T support
    • Initial bringup
    • timer, watchdog and reboot
  • H3
    • R_PIO support
  • A64
    • pinctrl driver
    • generic arm64 Allwinner platform (ARCH_SUNXI) support
  • NAND
    • ECC layout definition rework (partially) and randomizer support
  • A10/A20 SPDIF driver
  • AXP223 PMIC support
  • eMMC HS-DDR support for all currently supported SoCs except A80

Added board support: Allwinner A83TDevBoard, Cubietech Cubietruck Plus

Merged into 4.5

  • Allwinner A80 support
    • IR receiver driver
    • NMI controller
    • PRCM driver
    • R_PIO support
    • RSB driver
  • Allwinner H3 SoC support
    • H3 USB PHY clocks
  • A10/A20 Video Engine clocks
  • MIC1 capture for sun4i codec
  • Audio codec enabled on various boards

Added board support: Xunlong Orange Pi Plus

Exclamation.png Known problems:

  • Release tag v4.5 contains a change that broke stmmac networking on quite a few sunxi devices. The symptoms are
[ 13.196778] libphy: PHY stmmac-0:ffffffff not found
[ 13.204800] eth0: Could not attach to PHY
[ 13.204809] stmmac_open: Cannot attach to PHY (error: -19)

A quick fix is to revert commit 88f8b1b which introduced the regression. See, https:[email protected]/msg104119.html,
Version v4.5-rc7 is known to be still okay, v4.6-rc2 fixes stmmac again.

Merged into 4.4

  • R8 SoC support
  • A23 / A33
    • RSB (Reduced Serial Bus) driver
  • AXP202/AXP209
    • USB power supply driver
    • Support for OTG vbus detection via AXP pmic
    • DTS nodes for OTG vbus support

Added board support: Olimex A20 EVB (commit), Unified Q8 format tablet, Wits Pro A20 DKT (commit), Yones Toptech bs1078v2 (commit), Wobo i5 (commit), C.H.I.P (commit), Sinlinx SinA31s, MSI Primo81 (commit)

Merged into 4.3

  • A23 / A33
    • Support for USB-controllers

Added board support: Iteaduino Plus A10, Ippo-q8h-a33 v1.2

Merged into 4.2

  • A80
    • Architected timer support
    • USB support

Added board support: LinkSprite pcDuino3 Nano, Cubietech Cubieboard4, Gemei G9, Auxtek T004, Utoo P66, Wexler TAB 7200, MK808C, Jesurun Q5, Xunlong Orange Pi, Xunlong Orange Pi Mini, Sinlinx SinA33

Merged into 4.1

  • A80
    • USB PHY driver

Merged into 4.0

  • A31s
    • bring-up sharing majority of drivers with A31
    • pinctrl driver
  • All SoCs
    • LRADC Input driver
    • CPUFreq
    • PWM Driver
  • AXP209 power button input driver

Added board support: CSQ CS908, LeMaker Banana Pro, Chuwi V7 CW0825, Rikomagic mk802, Rikomagic mk802ii, Rikomagic mk802_a10s, MarsBoard A10, Hyundai A7HD

Merged into 3.19

  • A10 / A10s / A13 / A20 / A31 / A23
    • Simple Framebuffer
      • In order to use that, you'll need a recent mainline u-boot (2015.01+)
    • USB phy driver support for usb0
  • A10 / A20
    • NAND [3]
      • Only works for SLC NAND for now
      • Some additional work is needed for MLC NANDs
  • A23
    • DMAengine driver (shared with A31) [4]
  • A80
    • initial machine support [5]
    • basic clocks and reset [6]
    • pinctrl driver [7]
    • extra UART, I2C, LEDS [8]

Related merges: sunxi-simplefb-for-3.19

Added board support: Mele M3, LeMaker Banana Pi, Merrii A80 Optimus Board, Olimex A20-OLinuXino-Lime2

Merged into 3.18

  • A23
    • MMC
    • pinctrl
    • DMA
    • I2C

Added board support: Olimex A20-OLinuXino-Lime, Merrii Hummingbird A20, HSG H702

Merged into 3.17

  • A10/A20
    • IR driver
  • A31
    • PIO/R_PIO external interrupts
    • DMAengine
    • GMAC
  • A23
    • Timers, UARTs, initial bringup
    • Basic clocks
    • PIO/R_PIO drivers

Related merges: clk-for-linus-3.17, mfd-for-linus-3.17, pinctrl-v3.17-1, soc-for-3.17, dt-for-3.17, slave-dma for-linus, v4l_for_linus,

Added Board Support: Merrii Hummingbird A31, BA10, LinkSprite pcDuino V3, Ippo q8h

Merged into 3.16

  • AXP20x regulator support
  • All
    • MMC support
  • A31
    • USB support
    • PRCM
    • SMBus Regmap
    • Special Pins Muxer
    • P2WI Controller
  • A10
    • Touchscreen controller [11]
    • Touchscreen controller temperature sensor [12]

Related Merges: defconfig-for-3.16, drivers-for-3.16, dt-for-3.16, soc-for-3.16, usb-3.16-rc1, pinctrl-v3.16-1, clk-for-linus-3.16, clk-for-linus-3.16-part2, mmc-updates-for-3.16-rc1, mfd-for-linus-3.16, regulator-v3.16, input-for-linus

Added board support: Mele M9, R7

Merged into 3.15

  • All SoCs
    • SPI
  • A10/A10s/A13/A20
    • OHCI
    • EHCI
  • A10/A20
    • AHCI
  • A20/A31
    • NMI controller
  • A20
    • GMAC
  • A31
    • I2C

Related merges: [13], [14], [15], [16], [17], [18], [19]

Added board support: LinkSprite_pcDuino, Inet 97f, A10-OLinuXino-LIME

Merged into 3.14

  • A31
    • Reset Controller Support
    • SMP
  • A20
    • SMP (via PSCI)
    • External clock outputs
  • High Speed Timers
  • RTC driver (A10/A20) (commit)
  • RTP (DT only)
  • GMAC support in stmmac driver
  • AP6210 WiFi (BCM43362) support in brcmfmac driver

Related merges: [20], [21], [22], [23], [24]

Added board support: Olimex A13-OLinuXino-Micro (commit)

Merged into 3.13

  • SID Driver
  • I2C for A20
  • sunxi_defconfig
  • Bug fixes [25]

Added board support: Cubietruck

Merged into 3.12

  • A31 support
    • Basic SoC + GPIO
    • Clock support
  • A20 support
    • Basic SoC + GPIO
    • Clock support
  • A10s clocks
  • Clock Source and Clock Event rework
  • Watchdog driver

Related merges: [26], [27], [28], [29], [30], [31]

Added board support: A31 EVB, A20-OLinuXino-Micro, Cubieboard2, Mele A1000

Merged into 3.11

  • IRQ support for the PIO
  • I2C Driver
  • EMAC Driver
  • A10s support

Related merges: [32], [33], [34], [35], [36], [37]

Added board support: Olimex A10s-OLinuXino-Micro

Merged into 3.10

  • LED support
  • Clock driver
  • Complete UART support

Related merges: [38], [39], [40]

Added Board Support: Pineriver_H24

Merged into 3.9

  • PINCTRL driver
  • GPIO-lib based driver

Related merges: [41]

Added Board Support: Miniand_Hackberry

Merged into 3.8

Related merges: [42], [43]

Added board support: Cubieboard, A13-OLinuXino


  2. Your New ARM SoC Linux Support Check-List – ELCE 2012

See also

External Links

How to upstream

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